Here are some of the most common problems we see in our office. Most of these problems are treatable with medication or surgery, but some are not. For more information, click on the condition.
Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, is a common type of refractive error where distant objects may be seen more clearly than objects that are near. However, people experience hyperopia differently. Some people may not notice any problems with their vision, especially when they are young. For people with significant hyperopia, vision can be blurry for objects at any distance, near or far.
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common type of refractive error where close objects appear clearly, but distant objects appear blurry.
Astigmatism is a common, usually mild, and generally easily treatable imperfection in the curvature of your eye. The condition can cause blurred vision at distances and near.
Presbyopia happens naturally in people as they age. The eye is not able to focus light directly on the retina due to the hardening of the natural lens. Aging also affects muscle fibers around the lens making it harder for the eye to focus on up-close objects. The ineffective lens causes light to focus behind the retina, causing poor vision for objects that are up close. When you are younger, the lens of the eye is soft and flexible, allowing the tiny muscles inside the eye to easily reshape the lens to focus on close and distant objects.
A common condition of the eyelashes that causes irritation and redness. Often, the most common symptom is a gritty, sandy feeling in the eyes. Antibiotics may be needed to treat this in severe cases.
A bacterial eye infection is characterized by redness, yellowish discharge, and irritation. This can be very serious if left untreated.
This is caused by an allergen that gets into the eye, such as dust, pollen, or pet dander. Most cases are red and itchy. In extreme cases, marked swelling of the eyelid or white part of the eye may occur.
A common condition, especially in Southern California, is caused by a tear film problem, medications, environment, and an array of other sources. Symptoms usually include burning, excess tearing, and/or a gritty, sandy feeling in the eye.
These are caused by UV damage to the lens inside of your eye. Symptoms of cataracts include decreased vision, cloudy vision, and glare while driving at night. Surgery is needed to treat cataracts.
Occurs in persons with diabetes, which causes progressive damage to the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye. It is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes and is the result of damage to the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina. They leak blood and other fluids that cause swelling of retinal tissue and clouding of vision. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.
Characterized by small black or clear lines/dots/spots that move in the vision, these are common in many patients, especially after the age of 50. A sudden increase of these floaters is a concern and should be examined immediately, especially if there is associated flashes of light.
A condition that affects the optic nerve. Typically it affects the peripheral vision first but can lead to total vision loss. This is a very slow, painless disease so often it can be unnoticed by patients until vision loss is severe. Routine eye exams are the best way to prevent early glaucoma damage.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of severe vision loss in adults over age 50. This eye disease occurs when there are changes to the macula, a small portion of the retina that is located on the inside back layer of the eye. AMD is a loss of central vision that can occur in two forms: “dry” or atrophic and “wet” or exudative.
A pterygium is an abnormal growth of tissue that extends from the conjunctiva (the clear covering over the white part of the eye) onto the cornea. It may be large or small and usually does not affect vision, although it can create chronic irritation.
These are both serious conditions that can lead to blindness if left untreated or undiagnosed. Typically, the symptoms of these are bright flashes of light upon eye movement, a suddenly increased number of "floaters" in the vision, or a black "veil" that comes up or down in the vision. If you have these symptoms, please contact our office immediately.
Inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, which includes the iris (colored part of the eye) and adjacent tissue, known as the ciliary body. If untreated, it can cause permanent damage and loss of vision from the development of glaucoma, cataract, or retinal edema. It usually responds well to treatment; however, there may be a tendency for the condition to recur.